Legal Concepts of Special Education:
Child Find: Each public school system is responsible to find and serve all eligible children with disabilities in its area.
Free Appropriate Public Education: Each public school system is responsible for ensuring that each child with disabilities is served appropriately, at no expense to the parent.
Least Restrictive Environment: Each child is assured of his/her right of education with non-disabled peers to the maximum extent appropriate to the needs of both.
Due Process: The right of parent participation, and challenge, in all aspects of assessment, identification and placement is assured; involves mediation or administrative hearing procedures and complaint procedure in case of disputes.
Individualized Educational Planning: The right of a child to an educational program designed to meet his/her individual needs and based on adequate assessment is assured. By age 16, this includes the development of an Individual Transition Plan (ITP) to provide for transition into the world of work.